Cutting edge: RIPK1 Kinase inactive mice are viable and protected from TNF-induced necroptosis in vivo.
The serine/threonine kinase RIPK1 is recruited to TNFR1 to mediate proinflammatory signaling and to regulate TNF-induced cell death. A RIPK1 deficiency results in perinatal lethality, impaired NFκB and MAPK signaling, and sensitivity to TNF-induced apoptosis. Chemical inhibitor and in vitro-reconstitution studies suggested that RIPK1 displays distinct kinase activity-dependent and -independent functions. To determine the contribution of RIPK1 kinase to inflammation in vivo, we generated knock-in mice endogenously expressing catalytically inactive RIPK1 D138N. Unlike Ripk1(-/-) mice, which die shortly after birth, Ripk1(D138N/D138N) mice are viable. Cells expressing RIPK1 D138N are resistant to TNF- and polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid-induced necroptosis in vitro, and Ripk1(D138N/D138N) mice are protected from TNF-induced shock in vivo. Moreover, Ripk1(D138N/D138N) mice fail to control vaccinia virus replication in vivo. This study provides genetic evidence that the kinase activity of RIPK1 is not required for survival but is essential for TNF-, TRIF-, and viral-initiated necroptosis.
Polykratis, A; Hermance, N; Zelic, M; Roderick, J; Kim, C; Van, T-M; Lee, TH; Chan, FKM; Pasparakis, M; Kelliher, MA
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