Staying alive: cell death in antiviral immunity.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

Programmed cell death is an integral part of host defense against invading intracellular pathogens. Apoptosis, programmed necrosis, and pyroptosis each serve to limit pathogen replication in infected cells, while simultaneously promoting the inflammatory and innate responses that shape effective long-term host immunity. The importance of carefully regulated cell death is evident in the spectrum of inflammatory and autoimmune disorders caused by defects in these pathways. Moreover, many viruses encode inhibitors of programmed cell death to subvert these host responses during infection, thereby facilitating their own replication and persistence. Thus, as both virus and cell vie for control of these pathways, the battle for survival has shaped a complex host-pathogen interaction. This review will discuss the multifaceted role that programmed cell death plays in maintaining the immune system and its critical function in host defense, with a special emphasis on viral infections.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Upton, JW; Chan, FK-M

Published Date

  • April 24, 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 54 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 273 - 280

PubMed ID

  • 24766891

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC4010939

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1097-4164

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.molcel.2014.01.027


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States