IL-11 antagonist suppresses Th17 cell-mediated neuroinflammation and demyelination in a mouse model of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis.
IL-11 induced differentiation and expansion of Th17 cells in patients with early relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). In mice with relapsing-remitting experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (RREAE), IL-11 exacerbated disease, induced demyelination in the central nervous system (CNS), increased the percentage of IL-17A+CD4+ Th17 cells in the CNS in the early acute phase, and up-regulated serum IL-17A levels and the percentage of IL-17A+CD4+ Th17 cells in lymph nodes, and IFN-γ+CD4+ T cells in spinal cord in the RR phase. IL-11 antagonist suppressed RREAE disease activities, inhibited IL-17A+CD4+ cell infiltration and demyelination in the CNS, and decreased the percentage of IL-17A+CD4+ T cells in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and ICAM1+CD4+ T cells in brain and SC. Diffusion Tensor Imaging indicated that IL-11 antagonist inhibited demyelination in several brain regions. We conclude that by suppressing Th17 cell-mediated neuroinflammation and demyelination, IL-11 antagonist can be further studied as a potential selective and early therapy for RRMS.
Zhang, X; Kiapour, N; Kapoor, S; Merrill, JR; Xia, Y; Ban, W; Cohen, SM; Midkiff, BR; Jewells, V; Shih, Y-YI; Markovic-Plese, S
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