3-Year Outcomes of the Edwards SAPIEN Transcatheter Heart Valve for Conduit Failure in the Pulmonary Position From the COMPASSION Multicenter Clinical Trial.
(Clinical Trial;Journal Article;Multicenter Study)
OBJECTIVES: This study provides the 3-year follow-up results of the COMPASSION (Congenital Multicenter Trial of Pulmonic Valve Regurgitation Studying the SAPIEN Transcatheter Heart Valve) trial. Patients with moderate to severe pulmonary regurgitation and/or right ventricular outflow tract conduit obstruction were implanted with the SAPIEN transcatheter heart valve (THV). BACKGROUND: Early safety and efficacy of the Edwards SAPIEN THV in the pulmonary position have been established through a multicenter clinical trial. METHODS: Eligible patients were included if body weight was >35 kg and in situ conduit diameter was ≥16 and ≤24 mm. Adverse events were adjudicated by an independent clinical events committee. Three-year clinical and echocardiographic outcomes were evaluated in these patients. RESULTS: Fifty-seven of the 63 eligible patients were accounted for at the 3-year follow-up visit from a total of 69 implantations in 81 enrolled patients. THV implantation was indicated for pulmonary stenosis (7.6%), regurgitation (12.7%), or both (79.7%). Twenty-two patients (27.8%) underwent implantation of 26-mm valves, and 47 patients received 23-mm valves. Functional improvement in New York Heart Association functional class was observed in 93.5% of patients. Mean peak conduit gradient decreased from 37.5 ± 25.4 to 17.8 ± 12.4 mm Hg (p < 0.001), and mean right ventricular systolic pressure decreased from 59.6 ± 17.7 to 42.9 ± 13.4 mm Hg (p < 0.001). Pulmonary regurgitation was mild or less in 91.1% of patients. Freedom from all-cause mortality at 3 years was 98.4%. Freedom from reintervention was 93.7% and from endocarditis was 97.1% at 3 years. There were no observed stent fractures. CONCLUSIONS: Transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement using the Edwards SAPIEN THV demonstrates excellent valve function and clinical outcomes at 3-year follow-up.
Kenny, D; Rhodes, JF; Fleming, GA; Kar, S; Zahn, EM; Vincent, J; Shirali, GS; Gorelick, J; Fogel, MA; Fahey, JT; Kim, DW; Babaliaros, VC; Armstrong, AK; Hijazi, ZM
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