Bisphenol A exposure alters placentation and causes preeclampsia-like features in pregnant mice involved in reprogramming of DNA methylation of WNT2.
Preeclampsia leads to adverse outcomes for pregnant women. Bisphenol A (BPA) is an environmental endocrine disruptor and has been shown to be positively associated with increased risk of preeclampsia in human studies. We investigated whether BPA exposure causes preeclampsia-like features in pregnant mice and the associated underlying mechanisms. Experiments were performed in animal models and cell cultures. In pregnant mice, BPA-exposed mice exhibited preeclampsia-like features including hypertension, disruption of the circulation, and the placental angiogenesis biomarkers fms-related tyrosine kinase 1 and placenta growth factor, and glomerular atrophy; urinary protein was not affected. These preeclampsia-like features correlated with increased retention of smooth muscle cells and reduced vessel areas at the junctional zone of the placenta. In addition, there were disrupted expression of invasion-related genes including increased tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases, decreased metalloproteinases, and Wnt family member WNT2/β-catenin, which correlated with increased DNA methylation in its promoter region and upregulation of DNA methyltransferase (Dnmt)1. BPA exposure impeded the interaction between the human cytotrophoblast cell line, HTR-8/SVneo, and endothelium cells. BPA exposure down-regulated WNT2 expression, and elevated the DNA methylation of WNT2; these results were consistent with in vivo observations. Inhibition of DNMT in HTR-8/SVneo cells resulted in reduced DNA methylation and increased expression of WNT2. Taken together, these data demonstrate that BPA exposure alters trophoblast cell invasion and causes abnormal placental vessel remodeling, both of which lead to the development of preeclampsia-like features in pregnant mice. Our results suggest that this phenomenon involves the epigenetic reprogramming and down-regulation of WNT2 mediated by DNMT1.-Ye, Y., Tang, Y., Xiong, Y., Feng, L., Li, X. Bisphenol A exposure alters placentation and causes preeclampsia-like features in pregnant mice involved in reprogramming of DNA methylation of WNT2.
Ye, Y; Tang, Y; Xiong, Y; Feng, L; Li, X
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