Proteome-Wide Structural Biology: An Emerging Field for the Structural Analysis of Proteins on the Proteomic Scale.
Over the past decade, a suite of new mass-spectrometry-based proteomics methods has been developed that now enables the conformational properties of proteins and protein-ligand complexes to be studied in complex biological mixtures, from cell lysates to intact cells. Highlighted here are seven of the techniques in this new toolbox. These techniques include chemical cross-linking (XL-MS), hydroxyl radical footprinting (HRF), Drug Affinity Responsive Target Stability (DARTS), Limited Proteolysis (LiP), Pulse Proteolysis (PP), Stability of Proteins from Rates of Oxidation (SPROX), and Thermal Proteome Profiling (TPP). The above techniques all rely on conventional bottom-up proteomics strategies for peptide sequencing and protein identification. However, they have required the development of unconventional proteomic data analysis strategies. Discussed here are the current technical challenges associated with these different data analysis strategies as well as the relative analytical capabilities of the different techniques. The new biophysical capabilities that the above techniques bring to bear on proteomic research are also highlighted in the context of several different application areas in which these techniques have been used, including the study of protein ligand binding interactions (e.g., protein target discovery studies and protein interaction network analyses) and the characterization of biological states.
Kaur, U; Meng, H; Lui, F; Ma, R; Ogburn, RN; Johnson, JHR; Fitzgerald, MC; Jones, LM
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