TCF1 Is Required for the T Follicular Helper Cell Response to Viral Infection.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

T follicular helper (TFH) and T helper 1 (Th1) cells generated after viral infections are critical for the control of infection and the development of immunological memory. However, the mechanisms that govern the differentiation and maintenance of these two distinct lineages during viral infection remain unclear. We found that viral-specific TFH and Th1 cells showed reciprocal expression of the transcriptions factors TCF1 and Blimp1 early after infection, even before the differential expression of the canonical TFH marker CXCR5. Furthermore, TCF1 was intrinsically required for the TFH cell response to viral infection; in the absence of TCF1, the TFH cell response was severely compromised, and the remaining TCF1-deficient TFH cells failed to maintain TFH-associated transcriptional and metabolic signatures, which were distinct from those in Th1 cells. Mechanistically, TCF1 functioned through forming negative feedback loops with IL-2 and Blimp1. Our findings demonstrate an essential role of TCF1 in TFH cell responses to viral infection.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Wu, T; Shin, HM; Moseman, EA; Ji, Y; Huang, B; Harly, C; Sen, JM; Berg, LJ; Gattinoni, L; McGavern, DB; Schwartzberg, PL

Published Date

  • September 29, 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 12 / 12

Start / End Page

  • 2099 - 2110

PubMed ID

  • 26365183

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC4591235

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2211-1247

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.celrep.2015.08.049


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States