Comparison of the Trends in Risk Factors and Management of Severe Postpartum Hemorrhage Years 2000-2004 Versus 2005-2008.
OBJECTIVE: To compare trends in the etiology and management of severe postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) during 2 time periods: 2000-2004 (Period 1) versus 2005-2008 (Period 2). STUDY DESIGN: Medical records with a diagnosis of PPH were identified by ICD-9 codes for immediate, third-stage, delayed, and secondary. PPH and post- partum coagulation defect. Subjects having a PPH within 24 hours of delivery who also received blood component therapy (defined as severe PPH) during Period 1 were compared with those from Period 2. RESULTS: There were 109 and 119 cases identified from Periods 1 and 2, respectively. Uterine atony was the most common cause of severe PPH during both time periods. In the second time period women with severe PPH had a lower mean hematocrit (p<0.05), a greater mean BMI (p<0.05), and more induced labor (p<0.01) as compared to the first time period. A greater proportion of the women in the second time period received misoprostol (p<0.0001) and platelets (p<0.05). The proportions of other therapies and surgical interventions remained unchanged, as did the ultimate outcomes. CONCLUSION: At a single large institution over the course of a 9-year period the management of severe PPH changed to include a greater utilization of misoprostol and platelet therapy.
Hill, CC; Lockhart, EL; Thames, E; Paglia, MJ; Small, MJ; James, AH; Grotegut, CA
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