Factors Associated with Revision Surgery after Balloon Sinuplasty.
OBJECTIVE: Although balloon sinuplasty (BSP) is increasing in popularity, little is known about which patients are the ideal candidates. The objective of this study is to investigate factors that may be associated with BSP failure. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: Academic center. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This is a 6-year (July 2011-June 2017) retrospective review of patients who underwent BSP or revision endoscopic sinus surgery (rESS) after BSP within a single tertiary health system. Demographics, clinical findings, and radiographic findings were investigated for association with rESS via univariate analyses and a multivariable backward elimination selection procedure. RESULTS: A total of 154 patients were identified (median age, 53 years): 146 patients underwent BSP at a single health system, with 16 (11%) undergoing rESS; 8 patients underwent BSP at an outside institution and underwent rESS with the senior author. Mean ± SD follow-up was 12.8 ± 16.6 months. Univariate analyses revealed that prior endoscopic sinus surgery, polyps, allergic rhinitis, and gram-negative infection were significantly associated with rESS. As for radiographic findings, a higher Lund-Mackay score, neo-osteogenesis, moderate or complete opacification, and hyperdensities were associated with rESS. The final model after multivariable selection showed that higher radiographic scores (odds ratio, 1.08; 95% CI, 1.01-1.17) and neo-osteogenesis (odds ratio, 5.25; 95% CI, 1.68-16.42) were associated with higher odds for rESS. CONCLUSIONS: This study identifies several clinical and radiographic factors that may be associated with the need for rESS after BSP. Surgeons can take these factors into consideration when deciding whether a patient should forego BSP and undergo conventional FESS.
Cooper, M; Cheng, T; Truong, T; Kuchibhatla, M; Hachem, RA; Jang, DW
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