Nationwide Readmission Rates Following Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy: Does Age Matter?
Introduction/Objectives: Despite minimal evidence that evaluates the effect of age on percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) morbidity, pediatric and elderly patients are considered high-risk groups. Our objective was to assess the effect of the extremes of ages on PCNL readmission and postoperative complication rates. Methods: We identified all PCNL encounters in the 2013 and 2014 Nationwide Readmission Database. Encounters were divided into five age groups: pediatric (<18 years old), young adult (18-25 years old), adult (26-64 years old), geriatric (65-74 years old), and elderly (≥75 years old). Weighted descriptive statistics were used to describe population demographics. We fit an adjusted weighted logistic regression model for 30-day readmission and complication rates. Results: We identified 23,357 encounters. Testing average effect of pediatric and elderly encounters to all other age groups did not reveal a difference in odds for 30-day readmissions, but did result in increased odds for 30-day GU readmissions (odds ratio: 17.7 [95% confidence interval (CI): 2.65-118.9]; p = 0.003). Compared to all other age groups, elderly encounters had 7.5 (95% CI: 2.5-22.7; p = 0.0004) times the odds of a 30-day readmission and 68.3 (95% CI: 29.1-160.4; p < 0.0001) times the odds of a postoperative complication. Conclusions: When comparing the average effect of the extremes of ages to all other age groups, we did not find evidence to suggest a difference in odds for 30-day GU readmissions, but did find increased odds for complications. Further examination revealed that PCNL encounters of elderly patients had significantly increased odds for both readmission and complications, whereas PCNL encounters of pediatric patients did not.
Johnston, AW; Jiang, R; Alkazemi, MH; Wolf, S; Pomann, G-M; Lipkin, ME; Scales, CD; Routh, JC
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