The St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire Definition of Chronic Bronchitis May Be a Better Predictor of COPD Exacerbations Compared With the Classic Definition.
BACKGROUND: Chronic bronchitis (CB) increases risk of COPD exacerbations. We have shown that the St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) CB definition identifies patients with a similar clinical phenotype as classically defined CB. Whether the SGRQ CB definition is a predictor of future COPD exacerbations is unknown. METHODS: We analyzed 7,557 smokers with normal spirometry and Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease stage 1-4 COPD in the Genetic Epidemiology of COPD study with longitudinal follow-up data on exacerbations. Subjects were divided into classic CB+ or classic CB-, using the classic definition. In addition, subjects were divided into SGRQ CB+ or SGRQ CB-. Exacerbation frequency and severe exacerbation frequency were determined in each group. Multivariable linear regressions were performed for exacerbation frequency with either classic CB or SGRQ CB and relevant covariates. RESULTS: There were 1,434 classic CB+ subjects and 2,290 SGRQ CB+ subjects. The classic CB+ group had a greater exacerbation frequency compared with the classic CB- group (0.69 ± 1.26 vs 0.36 ± 0.90 exacerbations per patient per year; P < .0001) and a greater severe exacerbation frequency (0.26 ± 0.74 vs 0.13 ± 0.46 severe exacerbations per patient per year; P < .0001). There were similar differences between the SGRQ CB+ and SGRQ CB- groups. In multivariable analysis, both SGRQ CB and classic CB were independent predictors of exacerbation frequency, but SGRQ CB had a higher regression coefficient. In addition, SGRQ CB was an independent predictor of severe exacerbation frequency whereas classic CB was not. CONCLUSIONS: The SGRQ CB definition identified more subjects at risk for future exacerbations than the classic CB definition. SGRQ CB was at least a similar if not better predictor of future exacerbations than classic CB.
Kim, V; Zhao, H; Regan, E; Han, MK; Make, BJ; Crapo, JD; Jones, PW; Curtis, JL; Silverman, EK; Criner, GJ; COPDGene Investigators,
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