Association between access to health-promoting facilities and participation in cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk screening among populations with low socioeconomic status (SES) in Singapore.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: Low socioeconomic status (SES) is a barrier for cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk screening and a determinant of poor CVD outcomes. This study examined the associations between access to health-promoting facilities and participation in a CVD risk screening program among populations with low SES residing in public rental flats in Singapore. METHODS: Data from Health Mapping Exercises conducted from 2013 to 2015 were obtained, and screening participation rates of 66 blocks were calculated. Negative binomial regression was used to test for associations between distances to four nearest facilities (i.e., subsidized private clinics, healthy eateries, public polyclinics, and parks) and block participation rate in CVD screening. We also investigated potential heterogeneity in the association across regions with an interaction term between distance to each facility and region. RESULTS: The analysis consisted of 2069 participants. The associations were only evident in the North/North-East region for subsidized private clinic and park. Specifically, increasing distance to the nearest subsidized private clinic and park was significantly associated with lower [incidence rate ratio (IRR) = 0.88, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.80-0.98] and higher (IRR = 1.93, 95%CI: 1.15-3.25) screening participation rates respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings could potentially inform the planning of future door-to-door screenings in urban settings for optimal prioritization of resources. To increase participation rates in low SES populations, accessibility to subsidized private clinics and parks in a high population density region should be considered.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lim, KK; Lim, C; Kwan, YH; Chan, SY; Fong, W; Low, LL; Tay, HY; Østbye, T; Tan, CS

Published Date

  • July 1, 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 20 /

Start / End Page

  • e98 -

PubMed ID

  • 32800019

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC6609976

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1477-1128

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1017/S1463423619000318


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England