The prognostic value of diastolic and systolic mechanical left ventricular dyssynchrony among patients with coronary artery disease and heart failure.
BACKGROUND: Prevalence and prognostic value of diastolic and systolic dyssynchrony in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) + heart failure (HF) or CAD alone are not well understood. METHODS: We included patients with gated single-photon emission computed tomography (GSPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) between 2003 and 2009. Patients had at least one major epicardial obstruction ≥ 50%. We assessed the association between dyssynchrony and outcomes, including all-cause and cardiovascular death. RESULTS: Of the 1294 patients, HF was present in 25%. Median follow-up was 6.7 years (IQR 4.9-9.3) years with 537 recorded deaths. Patients with CAD + HF had a higher incidence of dyssynchrony than patients with CAD alone (diastolic BW 28.8% for the HF + CAD vs 14.7% for the CAD alone). Patients with CAD + HF had a lower survival than CAD alone at 10 years (33%; 95% CI 27-40 vs 59; 95% CI 55-62, P < 0.0001). With one exception, HF was found to have no statistically significant interaction with dyssynchrony measures in unadjusted and adjusted survival models. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with CAD + HF have a high prevalence of mechanical dyssynchrony as measured by GSPECT MPI, and a higher mortality than CAD alone. However, clinical outcomes associated with mechanical dyssynchrony did not differ in patients with and without HF.
Fudim, M; Fathallah, M; Shaw, LK; James, O; Samad, Z; Piccini, JP; Hess, PL; Borges-Neto, S
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