Absorption and tolerability of aqueous chlorhexidine gluconate used for skin antisepsis prior to catheter insertion in preterm neonates.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

OBJECTIVE: To assess chlorhexidine absorption and skin tolerability in premature infants, following skin antisepsis with 2% aqueous chlorhexidine gluconate (CHG) prior to peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) placement. STUDY DESIGN: Neonates less than 32 weeks gestation had skin cleansed with CHG prior to PICC placement. CHG concentrations were measured on serial blood samples. Skin integrity was evaluated for 2 weeks after CHG exposure. RESULT: Twenty infants were enrolled; median gestational age was 28 2/7 weeks (range 24 3/7 to 31 4/7). Ten infants had detectable serum chlorhexidine concentrations (range 1.6 to 206 ng ml(-1)). Seven of these infants had their highest serum concentration 2 to 3 days following exposure. No CHG-related skin irritation occurred in any infant. CONCLUSION: CHG was detected in the blood of preterm infants receiving CHG skin antisepsis for PICC insertion. Highest serum concentrations occurred 2 to 3 days after exposure. Further investigation is needed to determine the clinical relevance of CHG absorption in preterm infants.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Chapman, AK; Aucott, SW; Gilmore, MM; Advani, S; Clarke, W; Milstone, AM

Published Date

  • October 2013

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 33 / 10

Start / End Page

  • 768 - 771

PubMed ID

  • 23702618

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC3766437

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1476-5543

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/jp.2013.61


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States