PROSPER: A phase III randomized study comparing perioperative nivolumab (nivo) versus observation in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) undergoing nephrectomy (ECOG-ACRIN 8143).
TPS4597 Background: The anti-PD-1 antibody nivo improves overall survival (OS) in metastatic RCC and is well tolerated. There is no standard adjuvant (adjuv) systemic therapy that increases OS over surgery alone for non-metastatic RCC. Priming the immune system prior to surgery with anti-PD-1 has shown an OS benefit compared to a pure adjuv approach in mouse solid tumor models. Multiple ph 2 studies in bladder, lung and breast cancers have shown remarkable pathologic responses with neoadjuvant (neoadj) PD-1 blockade. Two ongoing ph 2 studies of perioperative nivo in M0 RCC patients are showing preliminary feasibility and safety with no surgical delays (NCT02575222; NCT02595918). PROSPER RCC (NCT03055013) aims to improve clinical outcomes by priming the immune system prior to nephrectomy with neoadj nivo and continued engagement with adjuv blockade in patients with high risk RCC compared to surgery alone. Methods: This global, unblinded, phase 3 National Clinical Trials Network study is currently accruing patients with clinical stage ≥T2 or TanyN+ RCC of any histology planned for nephrectomy. Oligometastases are permitted if can be rendered NED. We amended the study to enhance accrual and patient quality of life by changing nivo dosing to 480mg q4 wks and requiring baseline tumor biopsy only in the nivo arm. The investigational arm receives 1 dose of nivo prior to surgery followed by 9 adjuv doses. The control arm undergoes standard nephrectomy followed by observation. Randomized patients are stratified by clinical T stage, node positivity, and M stage. Accrual of 805 patients provides 84.2% power to detect a 14.4% absolute benefit in recurrence-free survival (RFS) at 5 years assuming the ASSURE historical control of ~56% to 70% (HR = 0.70). The study is powered to evaluate a significant increase in OS (HR 0.67). Critical perioperative therapy considerations such as safety, feasibility, and quality of life endpoints have been integrated. PROSPER RCC embeds a wealth of translational work aimed at investigating the impact of the baseline immune milieu, the changes induced by neoadjuvant anti-PD-1 priming, and how both may predict clinical outcomes. Clinical trial information: NCT03055013.
Harshman, LC; Puligandla, M; Haas, NB; Allaf, M; Drake, CG; McDermott, DF; Signoretti, S; Cella, D; Gupta, RT; Shuch, BM; Choueiri, TK; Lara, P; Kapoor, A; Heng, DYC; Jewett, MAS; Master, VA; Michaelson, MD; Leibovich, BC; Maskens, D; Carducci, MA
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