The impact of suspension on participation in school-based extracurricular activities and out-of-school community service.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

In recent decades, school suspensions have increased dramatically in the United States. To date, researchers have assessed the consequences of suspensions on adolescents' academic achievement, self-esteem, and psychological well-being. However, few studies have investigated the relationship between school discipline and youths' engagement on in-school and out-of-school activities. In this study, we investigate the relationship between suspension (i.e., in-school suspension, out-of-school suspension, or both) and youth participation in extracurricular activities, both in-school and outside of school, using data from the Educational Longitudinal Study of 2002. Results suggest students who are suspended are less likely to participate in school clubs (e.g., student government, yearbook, band/choir), and are also less likely to participate in volunteer work/community service. This suggests the impact of school discipline extends beyond the schooling context. These results provide insight into how suspensions may function as a 'pushout' mechanism for youth by compromising their attachment to school.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Umeh, Z; Bumpus, JP; Harris, AL

Published Date

  • January 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 85 /

Start / End Page

  • 102354 -

PubMed ID

  • 31789193

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1096-0317

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0049-089X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.ssresearch.2019.102354


  • eng