Abstract 4515: Utilizing nucleic-acid scavengers (NASs) to inhibit proinflammatory and proinvasive signaling in triple-negative breast cancer

Conference Paper

Abstract Breast cancers (BC) remain the most lethal malignancies amongst women worldwide and the second leading cause of cancer-related mortalities in the US. Subtype heterogeneity and aggressive invasive potential are believed to be the major contributors of these outcomes. BC lacking canonical histological receptors (i.e. ER/PR/HER2), called triple-negative (TNBC), are notoriously aggressive, difficult-to-treat, and metastatic. It has been observed that the degree of inflammation-driven tumorigenesis tends to correlate with increased levels of cell-free DNA (cfDNA) in cancer patient sera. Our lab had previously shown that nucleic-acid scavengers (NASs) could be used to block the pro-inflammatory and pro-invasive/metastatic signals (e.g. DAMPs) elicited by these cfDNA/RNA likely through innate immune sensors such as of the toll-like receptors (TLRs). Recently, we showed that treatment with the cationic polymer NAS, PAMAM-G3, elicited a drastic reduction in metastatic tumor burden to the liver in an immune-competent murine model of pancreatic cancer (I. Naqvi & R. Gunaratne et al., Molecular Therapy 26, 2018). Ongoing work has shown that both chemotherapy-derived TNBC conditioned media and a TLR9 agonist greatly increased TNBC in vitro invasion and was significantly inhibited upon treatment with PAMAM-G3. To elucidate the mechanism by which this NAS works in these tumor settings, our lab has developed several PAMAM-G3 derivatives, including biotin, IR-, and near-IR fluorophore labeled molecules. These molecules will allow us to conduct DAMP capture and characterization experiments, as well as perform in vitro and in vivo live imaging experiments to gain better insights into NAS PK/PD properties. Mechanistic insight into NAS anti-metastatic and anti-inflammatory capabilities will enhance our basic understanding of metastatic progression and its interplay with the immune system. Moreover, these principles will aid in the development of novel of anti-metastatic therapies to improve TNBC patient outcomes. Citation Format: Elias O. Eteshola, Ibtehaj A. Naqvi, Ruwan Gunaratne, Angelo Moreno, Smita K. Nair, Bruce A. Sullenger. Utilizing nucleic-acid scavengers (NASs) to inhibit proinflammatory and proinvasive signaling in triple-negative breast cancer [abstract]. In: Proceedings of the American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2019; 2019 Mar 29-Apr 3; Atlanta, GA. Philadelphia (PA): AACR; Cancer Res 2019;79(13 Suppl):Abstract nr 4515.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Eteshola, EO; Naqvi, IA; Gunaratne, R; Moreno, A; Nair, SK; Sullenger, BA

Published Date

  • July 1, 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 79 / 13_Supplement

Start / End Page

  • 4515 - 4515

Published By

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1538-7445

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0008-5472

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1158/1538-7445.am2019-4515