Perioperative Nutrition Care of Orthopedic Surgery Patient.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Despite evidence that malnutrition is associated with significant complications in orthopedic surgery1, unrecognized malnutrition continues to be a "silent epidemic", effecting up to 50% of hospitalized patients. Specifically, pre-surgical malnutrition is associated with increased risk for surgical site infections, increased length of hospital stay, and increased health care costs in patients following total joint arthroplasty. Serologic markers (i.e. serum albumin and total lymphocyte count), anthropometric measurements, (i.e. calf muscle circumference and triceps skin fold) and assessment and screening tools (i.e. The Rainey-MacDonald Nutritional Index, the Mini Nutrition Assessment Short Form, the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool and the Nutrition Risk Screening 2002) have all been used to aid in the diagnosis of malnutrition in orthopedic patients, yet there is no universal gold standard for screening or assessing nutritional risk and no accepted guideline for perioperative nutritional optimization in this patient population. Recently, the Perioperative Nutrition Screen (PONS) was introduced2 as an easy and efficient way to preoperatively identify and risk stratify patients for malnutrition in order to guide perioperative nutrition optimization. Given malnutrition is associated with increased risk of surgical site infections and increased length of hospital stay, adequate assessment of perioperative risk for malnutrition and preoperative nutrition optimization, including structured weight loss in the obese population, consumption of high protein oral nutritional supplements, immunonutrition oral supplements and adequate glucose control, may improve perioperative outcomes. The presence of a Registered Dietician (RD) should be a standard of care in all pre-operative clinics to improve nutrition care and surgical outcomes.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Williams, DGA; Wischmeyer, PE

Published Date

  • March 2020

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 35 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 15 - 18

PubMed ID

  • 33967384

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8101501

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0885-9698

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/bto.0000000000000412


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States