Perspectives on Implementing a Multidomain Approach to Caring for Older Adults With Heart Failure.
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The American College of Cardiology (ACC) Geriatric Cardiology Section Leadership Council recently outlined 4 key domains (which are composed of 14 subdomains) that are important to assess in older adults with heart failure (HF). We sought to determine which geriatric domains/subdomains are routinely assessed, how they are assessed, and how they impact clinical management in the care of ambulatory older adults with HF. DESIGN: Survey. SETTING: Ambulatory. PARTICIPANTS: Fifteen active ACC member physicians from the geriatric cardiology community. MEASUREMENTS: Electronic survey assessing which domains/subdomains are currently assessed in these selected real-world practices, how they are assessed, and how they are incorporated into clinical management. RESULTS: Of 15 clinicians, 14 responded to the survey. The majority routinely assess 3 to 4 domains (median, 3; interquartile range, 3-4) and a range of 4 to 12 subdomains (median, 8; interquartile range, 6-11). All respondents routinely assess the medical and physical function domains, 71% routinely assess the mind/emotion domain, and 50% routinely assess the social domain. The most common subdomains included comorbidity burden (100%), polypharmacy (100%), basic function (93%), mobility (86%), falls risk (71%), frailty (64%), and cognition (57%). Sensory impairment (50%), social isolation (50%), nutritional status (43%), loneliness (7%), and financial means (7%) were least frequently assessed. There was significant heterogeneity with regard to the tools used to assess subdomains. Common themes for how the subdomains influenced clinical care included informing prognosis, informing risk-benefit of pharmacologic therapy and invasive procedures, and consideration for palliative care. CONCLUSIONS: While respondents routinely assess multiple domains and subdomains and view these as important to clinical care, there is substantial heterogeneity regarding which subdomains are assessed and the tools used to assess them. These observations provide a foundation that inform a research agenda with regard to providing holistic and patient-centered care to older adults with HF. J Am Geriatr Soc 67:2593-2599, 2019.
Goyal, P; Gorodeski, EZ; Flint, KM; Goldwater, DS; Dodson, JA; Afilalo, J; Maurer, MS; Rich, MW; Alexander, KP; Hummel, SL
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