Association of chemokine expression in anterior cruciate ligament deficient knee with patient characteristics: Implications for post-traumatic osteoarthritis.
BACKGROUND: Stromal cell-derived factor-1a (SDF-1α) and high mobility group box chromosomal protein 1 (HMGB1) are chemokines that can drive post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA) induced by anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. However, the influence of patient characteristics on expression of those chemokines remains unclear. Our aim was to determine the relationship between chemokine expression in synovial fluid (SF) of the ACL-deficient (ACL-D) knee and patient characteristics including time from injury, sex, and age. METHODS: SF samples were collected immediately prior to the first-time ACL reconstruction (ACLR) from 82 patients. Expression of SDF-1α and HMGB1 was measured with human-specific solid phase sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. The expression levels between groups divided by time from injury, or age, or sex was compared using Student's t-test. The association of SDF-1α or HMGB1 levels with those variables was determined using regression analysis and Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient. RESULTS: Regression and correlation analysis indicated significant correlation between SDF-1α expression and time from injury in the cohort (r = -0.266, P = 0.016, n = 82) and in females (r = -0.386, P = 0.024, n = 34). Significant correlation was also observed between SDF-1α expression and age in the cohort (r = -0.224, P = 0.043, n = 82) and in males (r = -0.289, P = 0.046, n = 48). No significant correlation between HMGB1 expression and patient characteristics was detected. CONCLUSIONS: SDF-1α rather than HMGB1 might serve as a protein marker for monitoring the development of PTOA in the ACL-D knee, especially in female patients.
Ding, L; Amendola, A; Wolf, B; Bollier, M; Albright, J; Wang, Q; Wu, M; Wang, X; Song, H; Pedersen, D; Martin, J
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