Syphilis in Pregnancy.
Importance: Since 2013, the United States has seen a rise in cases of congenital syphilis, culminating in a relative increase of 153% from 2013 to 2017 and 918 reported cases in 2017. In all, 50% to 80% of pregnant women with syphilis experience an adverse pregnancy outcome including stillbirth or spontaneous abortion. Objective: This article aims to review the current evidence and recommendations for management of syphilis in pregnancy. Evidence Acquisition: Original research articles, review articles, and guidelines on syphilis were reviewed. Results: In pregnancy, routine screening for syphilis is recommended on initiation of prenatal care. In high-risk populations, repeat testing is recommended in the early third trimester and at delivery. Penicillin remains the recommended treatment in pregnancy. After treatment, nontreponemal titers should be repeated at minimum during the early third trimester and at delivery to assess for serologic response. In high-risk populations, titers should be repeated monthly. Conclusion and Relevance: Routine screening in pregnancy is essential for identification of syphilis infection and prevention of congenital syphilis. Subsequent adequate treatment with penicillin therapy more than 30 days before delivery and at the correct dosages depending on the stage of infection should be incorporated into clinical practice.
Tsai, S; Sun, MY; Kuller, JA; Rhee, EHJ; Dotters-Katz, S
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