Discriminating preictal and interictal states in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy using wavelet analysis of intracerebral EEG.

Published

Journal Article

Identification of consistent distinguishing features between preictal and interictal periods in the EEG is an essential step towards performing seizure prediction. We propose a novel method to separate preictal and interictal states based on the analysis of the high frequency activity of intracerebral EEGs in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy.Wavelet energy and entropy were computed in sliding window fashion from preictal and interictal epochs. A comparison of their organization in a 2 dimensional space was carried out using three features quantifying the similarities between their underlying states and a reference state. A discriminant analysis was then used in the features space to classify epochs. Performance was assessed based on sensitivity and false positive rates and validation was performed using a bootstrapping approach.Preictal and interictal epochs were discriminable in most patients on a subset of channels that were found to be close or within the seizure onset zone.Preictal and interictal states were separable using measures of similarity with the reference state. Discriminability varies with frequency bands.This method is useful to discriminate preictal from interictal states in intracerebral EEGs and could be useful for seizure prediction.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gadhoumi, K; Lina, J-M; Gotman, J

Published Date

  • October 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 123 / 10

Start / End Page

  • 1906 - 1916

PubMed ID

  • 22480601

Pubmed Central ID

  • 22480601

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1872-8952

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1388-2457

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.clinph.2012.03.001

Language

  • eng