Seizure prediction in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy using EEG measures of state similarity.
In patients with intractable epilepsy, predicting seizures above chance and with clinically acceptable performance has yet to be demonstrated. In this study, an intracranial EEG-based seizure prediction method using measures of similarity with a reference state is proposed.
1565 h of continuous intracranial EEG data from 17 patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy were investigated. The recordings included 175 seizures. In each patient the data was split into a training set and a testing set. EEG segments were analyzed using continuous wavelet transform. During training, a reference state was defined in the immediate preictal data and used to derive three features quantifying the discrimination between preictal and interictal states. A classifier was then trained in the feature space. Its performance was assessed using testing set and compared with a random predictor for statistical validation.
Better than random prediction performance was achieved in 7 patients. The sensitivity was higher than 85%, the warning rate was less than 0.35/h and the proportion of time under warning was less than 30%.
Seizures are predicted above chance in 41% of patients using measures of state similarity.
Sensitivity and specificity levels are potentially interesting for closed-loop seizure control applications.
Gadhoumi, K; Lina, J-M; Gotman, J
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