Vortex formation time is not an index of ventricular function.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

The diastolic intraventricular ring vortex formation and pinch-off process may provide clinically useful insights into diastolic function in health and disease. The vortex ring formation time (FT) concept, based on hydrodynamic experiments dealing with unconfined (large tank) flow, has attracted considerable attention and popularity. Dynamic conditions evolving within the very confined space of a filling, expansible ventricular chamber with relaxing and rebounding, and viscoelastic muscular boundaries diverge from unconfined (large tank) flow and encompass rebounding walls' suction and myocardial relaxation. Indeed, clinical/physiological findings seeking validation in vivo failed to support the notion that FT is an index of normal/abnormal diastolic ventricular function. Therefore, FT as originally proposed cannot and should not be utilized as such an index. Evidently, physiologically accurate models accounting for coupled hydrodynamic and (patho)physiological myocardial wall interactions with the intraventricular flow are still needed to enhance our understanding and yield diastolic function indices useful and reliable in the clinical setting.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Pasipoularides, A; Vlachos, PP; Little, WC

Published Date

  • February 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 8 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 54 - 58

PubMed ID

  • 25609509

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC4351146

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1937-5395

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s12265-015-9607-7


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States