Urinary diversion in children with pelvic tumors.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to investigate children presenting with malignant pelvic tumors obstructing the upper urinary tract. METHODS: Seventeen children with upper urinary tract obstruction by a malignant tumor were reviewed. A nephrostomy tube or Double J (DJ) stent was inserted into each obstructed urinary system and removed after tumor shrinkage and/or hydronephrosis regression. RESULTS: There were 9 boys and 8 girls in the study; the mean age and median follow-up were 5.7 years and 2.5 years, respectively. The most common obstructing tumor was rhabdomyosarcoma. Twelve children underwent diversion by nephrostomy tubes and 3 by DJ stents; 2 patients underwent resection of the tumors with ureteroureterostomy. Complications after the insertion of the stents included febrile urinary tract infections (UTI) or pyelonephritis in 4 of the children with DJ stents. In the nephrostomy group, febrile UTI developed in 3 and the tube fell out in 1, and was blocked in another. Of the 17 children, 9 have no evidence of disease, 2 are currently under treatment, and 6 died of cancer. CONCLUSIONS: The prognosis of children with malignant pelvic tumor obstructing the upper urinary system justifies urgent and optimal upper tract diversion, enabling chemotherapy to be started immediately.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Meir, DB; Inoue, M; Gur, U; Livne, PM; Yaniv, Y; Tiedeman, K; Ashley, DM; Hutson, JM

Published Date

  • December 2004

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 39 / 12

Start / End Page

  • 1787 - 1790

PubMed ID

  • 15616930

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1531-5037

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2004.08.003


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States