Measurement of the growth parameters of precursor B-acute lymphoblastic leukaemic cells in co-culture with bone marrow stromal cells; detection of two cd10 positive populations with different proliferative capacities and survival.
A new assay system using the fluorescent probe PKH 26 GL was employed to investigate the regulation of precursor B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemic (ALL) cell growth. PKH 26 GL is a lipophilic fluorescent probe which becomes incorporated into the plasma membrane upon the staining of cells. As the amount of probe per cell reduces at each cell division, the fluorescence can be used to measure cell proliferation. Bone marrow derived ALL cells from seven newly diagnosed cases were stained with PKH 26 GL, and cultured for 14 days in control cultures without stimulus, or in cultures with preformed human bone marrow stromal cell layers. Viable leukaemic cells from these cultures were identified on the basis of forward light scatter, 90 degrees light scatter, propidium iodide exclusion, PKH 26 GL staining and CD10 expression by flow cytometry at the beginning of the culture period and on days 2, 6, 10 and 14. The growth parameters of these leukaemic cells were determined by analysis of their pattern of PKH 26 GL fluorescence. A higher rate of proliferation and survival of cells was observed in cultures with stromal cells compared with control cultures, without stromal cells. In the presence of stromal cells, survival and proliferation continued throughout the culture period; in contrast in five of seven control cultures no viable cells could be detected after 6-10 days. Interestingly, two populations of leukaemic cells were distinguished on the basis of their different rates of proliferation, when co-cultured with stromal cells. The results indicate that this technique provides a means for studying and quantitating leukaemic cell growth within a complex stroma-dependent system.
Ashley, DM; Bol, SJ; Kannourakis, G
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