Serum Troponin Level in Acute Ischemic Stroke Identifies Patients with Visceral Infarcts.
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Patients with ischemic stroke of cardioembolic origin are at risk of visceral (renal or splenic) infarction. We hypothesized that serum troponin level at time of ischemic stroke would be associated with presence of visceral infarction. METHODS: Data were abstracted from a single center prospective stroke database over 18 months and included all patients with ischemic stroke who underwent contrast-enhanced computerized tomography (CT) of the abdomen and pelvis for clinical purposes within 1 year of stroke. The primary predictor was troponin concentration ≥.1ng/mL. The primary outcome was visceral infarct (renal and/or splenic) on CT abdomen and pelvis. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression models were used to estimate the odds ratio and 95% confidence intervals (OR, 95% CI) for the association of troponin with visceral infarction. RESULTS: Of 1233 patients with ischemic stroke, 259 patients had a qualifying visceral CT. Serum troponin level on admission was measured in 237 of 259 patients (93.3%) and 41 of 237 (17.3%) had positive troponin. There were 25 patients with visceral infarcts: 16 renal, 7 splenic, and 2 both. In univariate models, patients with a positive troponin level (versus negative) were more likely to have visceral infarcts (39.1% [9/23] versus 15.0% [32/214], P = .008) and this association persisted in multivariable models (adjusted OR 3.83; 95% CI 1.42-10.31, P = .006). CONCLUSIONS: In ischemic stroke patients, elevated serum troponin levels may help identify patients with visceral infarcts. This suggests that troponin in the acute stroke setting is a biomarker of embolic risk. Larger studies with systematic visceral imaging are needed to confirm our findings.
Azher, I; Kaushal, A; Chang, A; Cutting, S; Mac Grory, B; Burton, T; Dakay, K; Thompson, B; Reznik, M; Wendell, L; Potter, NS; Mahta, A; Rao, S; Paciaroni, M; Elkind, MSV; Jayaraman, M; Atalay, M; Furie, K; Yaghi, S
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