Sleep disturbance in adults with chronic pruritic dermatoses is associated with increased C-reactive protein levels.
BACKGROUND: Pruritus is a common symptom that can significantly reduce quality of life through sleep disruption. OBJECTIVE: To examine features of disturbed sleep in patients with chronic pruritic dermatoses and test the hypothesis that systemic inflammation may serve as a biomarker for impaired sleep in these patients. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey investigating systemic inflammation using C-reactive protein (CRP) levels. Logistic regression was used to compare patients with and without sleep disturbances, adjusting for demographics (model 1) and medical comorbidities (model 2). RESULTS: Chronic pruritic dermatoses were associated with multiple sleep disturbances, including nighttime awakenings (model 1: odds ratio [OR], 1.646; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.031-2.627; model 2: OR, 1.329; 95% CI, 0.888-1.989) and early morning awakening (model 1: OR, 1.669, 95% CI, 1.118-2.493; model 2: OR, 1.582; 95% CI, 1.008-2.481). Mean CRP levels were 52.8% higher among patients with pruritic dermatoses reporting trouble sleeping compared with those who did not (0.663 vs 0.434 mg/dL; P = .034). Trouble sleeping was also positively correlated with CRP levels (β = 0.142, P = .025). LIMITATIONS: Potential recall bias among participants. CONCLUSIONS: In addition to confirming sleep disturbances with pruritic dermatoses, we found these disturbances are more likely to present with elevated CRP levels. Clinicians should consider the potential risk for sleep-related and cardiac comorbidities in patients diagnosed with itchy skin conditions.
Patel, SP; Khanna, R; Choi, J; Williams, KA; Roh, YS; Hong, MS; Sutaria, NH; Pritchard, T; Kwatra, MM; Kwatra, SG
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