Semantics of the transitive construction: prototype effects and developmental comparisons.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

This paper investigates whether an abstract linguistic construction shows the kind of prototype effects characteristic of non-linguistic categories, in both adults and young children. Adapting the prototype-plus-distortion methodology of Franks and Bransford (1971), we found that whereas adults were lured toward false-positive recognition of sentences with prototypical transitive semantics, young children showed no such effect. We examined two main implications of the results. First, it adds a novel data point to a growing body of research in cognitive linguistics and construction grammar that shows abstract linguistic categories can behave in similar ways to non-linguistic categories, for example, by showing graded membership of a category. Thus, the findings lend psychological validity to the existing cross-linguistic evidence for prototypical transitive semantics. Second, we discuss a possible explanation for the fact that prototypical sentences were processed differently in adults and children, namely, that children's transitive semantic network is not as interconnected or cognitively coherent as adults'.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Ibbotson, P; Theakston, AL; Lieven, EVM; Tomasello, M

Published Date

  • September 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 36 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 1268 - 1288

PubMed ID

  • 22591052

Pubmed Central ID

  • 22591052

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1551-6709

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0364-0213

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/j.1551-6709.2012.01249.x

Language

  • eng