Non-Cell-Autonomous Activity of the Hemidesmosomal Protein BP180/Collagen XVII in Granulopoiesis in Humanized NC16A Mice.
BP180 (also termed type XVII collagen) is a hemidesmosomal protein and plays a critical role in cell-cell matrix adhesion in the skin; however, its other biological functions are largely unclear. In this study, we generated a BP180 functional-deficient mouse strain by deleting its extracellular domain of humanized NC16A (termed ΔNC16A
mice). We found that BP180 is expressed by bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSC), and its functional deficiency leads to myeloid hyperplasia. Altered granulopoiesis in ΔNC16A
mice is through bone marrow stromal cells evidenced by bone marrow transplantation. Furthermore, the level of G-CSF in bone marrow and circulation were significantly increased in ΔNC16A
mice as compared with wild-type mice. The increased G-CSF was accompanied by an increased activation of the NF-κB signaling pathway in bone marrow and BM-MSC of ΔNC16A
mice. Blockade of G-CSF restored normal granulopoiesis in ΔNC16A
mice. Inhibition of NF-κB signaling pathway significantly reduces the release of G-CSF from ΔNC16A
BM-MSC in vitro and the level of serum G-CSF in ΔNC16A
mice. To our knowledge, these findings provide the first direct evidence that BP180 plays an important role in granulopoiesis through regulating NF-κB signaling pathway in BM-MSC.
Lin, L; Hwang, B-J; Li, N; Googe, P; Diaz, LA; Miao, E; Vilen, B; Thomas, NE; Ting, J; Liu, Z
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