Mitogen-activated protein kinases 3 and 6 are required for full priming of stress responses in Arabidopsis thaliana.


Journal Article

In plants and animals, induced resistance (IR) to biotic and abiotic stress is associated with priming of cells for faster and stronger activation of defense responses. It has been hypothesized that cell priming involves accumulation of latent signaling components that are not used until challenge exposure to stress. However, the identity of such signaling components has remained elusive. Here, we show that during development of chemically induced resistance in Arabidopsis thaliana, priming is associated with accumulation of mRNA and inactive proteins of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MPKs), MPK3 and MPK6. Upon challenge exposure to biotic or abiotic stress, these two enzymes were more strongly activated in primed plants than in nonprimed plants. This elevated activation was linked to enhanced defense gene expression and development of IR. Strong elicitation of stress-induced MPK3 and MPK6 activity is also seen in the constitutive priming mutant edr1, while activity was attenuated in the priming-deficient npr1 mutant. Moreover, priming of defense gene expression and IR were lost or reduced in mpk3 or mpk6 mutants. Our findings argue that prestress deposition of the signaling components MPK3 and MPK6 is a critical step in priming plants for full induction of defense responses during IR.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Beckers, GJM; Jaskiewicz, M; Liu, Y; Underwood, WR; He, SY; Zhang, S; Conrath, U

Published Date

  • March 24, 2009

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 21 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 944 - 953

PubMed ID

  • 19318610

Pubmed Central ID

  • 19318610

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1532-298X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1040-4651

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1105/tpc.108.062158


  • eng