Molecular and functional characterization of a novel sodium channel TipE-like auxiliary subunit from the American cockroach Periplaneta americana.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

In Drosophila melanogaster, the functions of voltage-gated sodium (Nav) channels are modulated by TipE and its orthologs. Here, we describe a novel TipE homolog of the American cockroach, Periplaneta americana, called PaTipE. Like DmTipE, PaTipE mRNAs are ubiquitously expressed. Surprisingly, PaTipE mRNA was undetectable in neurosecretory cells identified as dorsal unpaired median neurons. Phylogenetic analysis placed this new sequence in TipE clade, indicating an independent evolution from a common ancestor. Contrary to previous reports, our data indicate that the auxiliary subunits of insect Nav channels are very distant from the mammalian BKCa auxiliary subunits. To decipher the functional roles of PaTipE, we characterized the gating properties of DmNav1-1 channels co-expressed with DmTipE or PaTipE, in Xenopus oocytes. Compared to DmTipE, PaTipE increased Na(+) currents by a 4.2-fold. The voltage-dependence of steady-state fast inactivation of DmNav1-1/PaTipE channels was shifted by 5.8 mV to more negative potentials than that of DmNav1-1/DmTipE channels. DmNav1-1/PaTipE channels recovered 3.2-fold slower from the fast-inactivated state than DmNav1-1/DmTipE channels. In conclusion, this study supports that the insect Nav auxiliary subunits share functional features with their mammalian counterparts, although structurally and phylogenetically distant.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Bourdin, CM; Guérineau, NC; Murillo, L; Quinchard, S; Dong, K; Legros, C

Published Date

  • November 2015

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 66 /

Start / End Page

  • 136 - 144

PubMed ID

  • 26524962

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1879-0240

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0965-1748

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.ibmb.2015.10.008

Language

  • eng