Measuring acetyl-CoA and acetylated histone turnover in vivo: Effect of a high fat diet.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Cellular availability of acetyl-CoA, a central intermediate of metabolism, regulates histone acetylation. The impact of a high-fat diet (HFD) on the turnover rates of acetyl-CoA and acetylated histones is unknown. We developed a method for simultaneous measurement of acetyl-CoA and acetylated histones kinetics using a single 2H2O tracer, and used it to examine effect of HFD-induced perturbations on hepatic histone acetylation in LDLR-/- mice, a mouse model of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Mice were given 2H2O in the drinking water and the kinetics of hepatic acetyl-CoA, histones, and acetylated histones were quantified based on their 2H-labeling. Consumption of a high fat Western-diet (WD) for twelve weeks led to decreased acetylation of hepatic histones (p< 0.05), as compared to a control diet. These changes were associated with 1.5-3-fold increased turnover rates of histones without any change in acetyl-CoA flux. Acetylation significantly reduced the stability of histones and the turnover rates of acetylated peptides were correlated with the number of acetyl groups in neighboring lysine sites. We conclude that 2H2O-method can be used to study metabolically controlled histone acetylation and acetylated histone turnover in vivo.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Arias-Alvarado, A; Aghayev, M; Ilchenko, S; Rachdaoui, N; Lepp, J; Tsai, T-H; Zhang, G-F; Previs, S; Kasumov, T

Published Date

  • February 15, 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 615 /

Start / End Page

  • 114067 -

PubMed ID

  • 33340539

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1096-0309

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.ab.2020.114067

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States