The patient experience of ABVD treatment in Hodgkin lymphoma: a retrospective cohort study of patient-reported distress.
PURPOSE: Psychological distress is prevalent in Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). Many patients, regardless of prognosis, receive ABVD chemotherapy as first-line treatment, but few studies have specifically examined the nature of distress during this shared treatment experience. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of patient-reported distress in HL patients receiving ABVD treatment at a single tertiary care facility. Distress was measured using the National Comprehensive Cancer Network Distress Thermometer and Problem List (PL). We used descriptive statistics and generalized estimating equations to assess the prevalence of distress and specific problem items during treatment and associations with patient- and disease-related factors. RESULTS: We collected data from 50 patients comprising 467 unique encounters, with 369/467 (79.0%) reporting a distress thermometer score. Median distress score was 2 (IQR: 0-5), but actionable distress (distress thermometer ≥4) was noted for 118/369 (32.0%) encounters. Actionable distress was only related to having a prior cancer, which conferred lower odds of actionable distress (OR 0.23, 95% CI 0.07-0.74, p=0.01) Physical and emotional problems were reported for 287/369 (77.8%) and 125/369 (33.9%) visits, respectively. Female patients had greater odds of both physical (OR 3.17, 95% CI 1.32-7.66, p=0.01) and emotional (OR 3.31, 95% CI 1.25-8.73, p=0.02) problems. CONCLUSION: ABVD treatment is associated with a high frequency of actionable distress, with physical and emotional problems acting as primary drivers. Female patients may be particularly vulnerable, while cancer survivors may be uniquely resilient. These findings demonstrate the need to thoroughly screen for and appropriately tailor distress management strategies for HL patients during treatment with ABVD.
Tarnasky, AM; Troy, JD; LeBlanc, TW
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