FIH-1-modulated HIF-1α C-TAD promotes acute kidney injury to chronic kidney disease progression via regulating KLF5 signaling.
Incomplete recovery from episodes of acute kidney injury (AKI) can predispose patients to develop chronic kidney disease (CKD). Although hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) is a master regulator of the response to hypoxia/ischemia, the role of HIF-1α in CKD progression following incomplete recovery from AKI is poorly understood. Here, we investigated this issue using moderate and severe ischemia/reperfusion injury (I/RI) mouse models. We found that the outcomes of AKI were highly associated with the time course of tubular HIF-1α expression. Sustained activation of HIF-1α, accompanied by the development of renal fibrotic lesions, was found in kidneys with severe AKI. The AKI to CKD progression was markedly ameliorated when PX-478 (a specific HIF-1α inhibitor, 5 mg· kg-1·d-1, i.p.) was administered starting on day 5 after severe I/RI for 10 consecutive days. Furthermore, we demonstrated that HIF-1α C-terminal transcriptional activation domain (C-TAD) transcriptionally stimulated KLF5, which promoted progression of CKD following severe AKI. The effect of HIF-1α C-TAD activation on promoting AKI to CKD progression was also confirmed in in vivo and in vitro studies. Moreover, we revealed that activation of HIF-1α C-TAD resulted in the loss of FIH-1, which was the key factor governing HIF-1α-driven AKI to CKD progression. Overexpression of FIH-1 inhibited HIF-1α C-TAD and prevented AKI to CKD progression. Thus, FIH-1-modulated HIF-1α C-TAD activation was the key mechanism of AKI to CKD progression by transcriptionally regulating KLF5 pathway. Our results provide new insights into the role of HIF-1α in AKI to CKD progression and also the potential therapeutic strategy for the prevention of renal diseases progression.
Li, Z-L; Wang, B; Lv, L-L; Tang, T-T; Wen, Y; Cao, J-Y; Zhu, X-X; Feng, S-T; Crowley, SD; Liu, B-C
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