Selinexor for the treatment of patients with previously treated multiple myeloma.
INTRODUCTION: Multiple myeloma (MM) is an increasingly treatable but still incurable hematologic malignancy. Prognosis has improved significantly over recent years, although further advances remain urgently needed, especially for patients with heavily pre-treated and resistant disease for whom there are limited options. Selinexor is a first-in-class, oral, selective inhibitor of nuclear export (SINE) compound that triggers apoptosis in malignant cells by inducing nuclear retention of oncogene messenger RNAs (mRNAs) and reactivation of tumor suppressor proteins (TSPs). In clinical studies of patients with relapsed and/or refractory MM, selinexor has demonstrated both manageable toxicity and encouraging efficacy. AREAS COVERED: This review will provide an overview of the mechanism of action of selinexor as well as the efficacy and safety data from clinical studies using selinexor for the treatment of multiple myeloma. EXPERT OPINION: Long-term outcomes for patients with MM will continue to improve due to numerous recent and imminent therapeutic advances, although critical areas of unmet need remain. Oral selinexor is likely to contribute to the meeting of these needs and the further advancement of MM therapy in a meaningful way.
Mo, CC; Jagannath, S; Chari, A; Nooka, AK; Lonial, S; Siegel, D; Biran, N; Gasparetto, C; Bahlis, NJ; Richardson, P
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