Selective Excitation of CdSe/CdS Dot-in-Rod Nanocrystals and Distinct Roles of Electrons and Holes in Photophysical and Photochemical Interactions with Ambient Air

Journal Article (Journal Article)

CdSe/CdS dot-in-rod (DiR) nanocrystals are an advantageous heterostructured semiconductor system with a quasi-type-II electronic band structure, which enables a rich diversity of optical manipulation of carrier excitations and interactions. Herein, the selective excitation of respective CdSe quantum dots (QDs) and CdS nanorods of the CdSe/CdS DiR nanostructure is reported, which results in the distinct presence of different types of carriers at the nanorod surface. The presence of only electrons at the surface upon CdSe QD excitation leads to photophysical interactions with ambient air, which is manifested as reversible photoluminescence (PL) of the CdSe QDs. The excitation of CdS nanorods produces holes at the surface, which induces photooxidation of the CdS surface and irreversible change in PL intensity and spectral lineshape. Benefitting from unambiguously relating carrier types to photophysical and photochemical interactions, this research also verifies that trap states at the CdS surface do not act as nonradiative recombination centers, which can be removed by photochemical reactions. Herein, distinct roles of electrons and holes in the photophysical and photochemical interactions with ambient air are identified, and a more precise understanding of the interacting mechanisms is achieved.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Wang, J; Zheng, C; Xu, Y; Peng, Q; Ge, X; Wang, R; Xu, S; Ning, J; Zhu, J

Published Date

  • August 1, 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 258 / 8

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1521-3951

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0370-1972

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/pssb.202100092

Citation Source

  • Scopus