Kinetics and Mechanism of the Gold-Catalyzed Hydroamination of 1,1-Dimethylallene with N-Methylaniline.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

The mechanism of the intermolecular hydroamination of 3-methylbuta-1,2-diene (1) with N-methylaniline (2) catalyzed by (IPr)AuOTf has been studied by employing a combination of kinetic analysis, deuterium labelling studies, and in situ spectral analysis of catalytically active mixtures. The results of these and additional experiments are consistent with a mechanism for hydroamination involving reversible, endergonic displacement of N-methylaniline from [(IPr)Au(NHMePh)]+ (4) by allene to form the cationic gold π-C1,C2-allene complex [(IPr)Au(η2 -H2 C=C=CMe2 )]+ (I), which is in rapid, endergonic equilibrium with the regioisomeric π-C2,C3-allene complex [(IPr)Au(η2 -Me2 C=C=CH2 )]+ (I'). Rapid and reversible outer-sphere addition of 2 to the terminal allene carbon atom of I' to form gold vinyl complex (IPr)Au[C(=CH2 )CMe2 NMePh] (II) is superimposed on the slower addition of 2 to the terminal allene carbon atom of I to form gold vinyl complex (IPr)Au[C(=CMe2 )CH2 NMePh] (III). Selective protodeauration of III releases N-methyl-N-(3-methylbut-2-en-1-yl)aniline (3 a) with regeneration of 4. At high conversion, gold vinyl complex II is competitively trapped by an (IPr)Au+ fragment to form the cationic bis(gold) vinyl complex {[(IPr)Au]2 [C(=CH2 )CMe2 NMePh]}+ (6).

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Harris, RJ; Nakafuku, K; Duncan, AN; Carden, RG; Timmerman, JC; Widenhoefer, RA

Published Date

  • July 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 27 / 40

Start / End Page

  • 10377 - 10386

PubMed ID

  • 33951230

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1521-3765

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0947-6539

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/chem.202100741


  • eng