Results from the blood donor competence, autonomy, and relatedness enhancement (blood donor CARE) randomized trial.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to promote competence, autonomy, and relatedness among first-time whole blood donors to enhance intrinsic motivation and increase retention. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Using a full factorial design, first-time donors (N = 2002) were randomly assigned to a no-treatment control condition or to one of seven intervention conditions designed to promote donation competence, autonomy, relatedness, a combination of two (e.g., competence and autonomy), or all three constructs. Participants completed donor motivation measures before the intervention and 6 weeks later, and subsequent donation attempts were assessed for 1 year. RESULTS: There was no significant group difference in the frequency of donation attempts or in the number of days to return. Significant effects of group were observed for 10 of the 12 motivation measures, although follow-up analyses revealed significant differences from the control group were restricted to interventions that included an autonomy component. Path analyses confirmed direct associations between interventions involving autonomy and donor motivation, and indirect mediation of donation attempts via stronger donation intentions and lower donation anxiety. CONCLUSION: Among young, first-time, whole blood donors, brief interventions that include support for donor autonomy were associated with direct effects on donor motivation and indirect, but small, effects on subsequent donation behavior.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • France, CR; France, JL; Himawan, LK; Fox, KR; Livitz, IE; Ankawi, B; Slepian, PM; Kowalsky, JM; Duffy, L; Kessler, DA; Rebosa, M; Rehmani, S; Frye, V; Shaz, BH

Published Date

  • September 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 61 / 9

Start / End Page

  • 2637 - 2649

PubMed ID

  • 34224590

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8440475

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1537-2995

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1111/trf.16577


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States