Machine Learning Methods to Predict Acute Respiratory Failure and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Acute respiratory failure (ARF) is a common problem in medicine that utilizes significant healthcare resources and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Classification of acute respiratory failure is complicated, and it is often determined by the level of mechanical support that is required, or the discrepancy between oxygen supply and uptake. These phenotypes make acute respiratory failure a continuum of syndromes, rather than one homogenous disease process. Early recognition of the risk factors for new or worsening acute respiratory failure may prevent that process from occurring. Predictive analytical methods using machine learning leverage clinical data to provide an early warning for impending acute respiratory failure or its sequelae. The aims of this review are to summarize the current literature on ARF prediction, to describe accepted procedures and common machine learning tools for predictive tasks through the lens of ARF prediction, and to demonstrate the challenges and potential solutions for ARF prediction that can improve patient outcomes.
Wong, A-KI; Cheung, PC; Kamaleswaran, R; Martin, GS; Holder, AL
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