Phase I Open-Label Study Evaluating the Safety, Pharmacokinetics, and Preliminary Efficacy of Dilpacimab in Patients with Advanced Solid Tumors.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Multicenter Study)

Dilpacimab (formerly ABT-165), a novel dual-variable domain immunoglobulin, targets both delta-like ligand 4 (DLL4) and VEGF pathways. Here, we present safety, pharmacokinetic (PK), pharmacodynamic (PD), and preliminary efficacy data from a phase I study (trial registration ID: NCT01946074) of dilpacimab in patients with advanced solid tumors. Eligible patients (≥18 years) received dilpacimab intravenously on days 1 and 15 in 28-day cycles at escalating dose levels (range, 1.25-7.5 mg/kg) until progressive disease or unacceptable toxicity. As of August 2018, 55 patients with solid tumors were enrolled in the dilpacimab monotherapy dose-escalation and dose-expansion cohorts. The most common treatment-related adverse events (TRAE) included hypertension (60.0%), headache (30.9%), and fatigue (21.8%). A TRAE of special interest was gastrointestinal perforation, occurring in 2 patients (3.6%; 1 with ovarian and 1 with prostate cancer) and resulting in 1 death. The PK of dilpacimab showed a half-life ranging from 4.9 to 9.5 days, and biomarker analysis demonstrated that the drug bound to both VEGF and DLL4 targets. The recommended phase II dose for dilpacimab monotherapy was established as 3.75 mg/kg, primarily on the basis of tolerability through multiple cycles. A partial response was achieved in 10.9% of patients (including 4 of 16 patients with ovarian cancer). The remaining patients had either stable disease (52.7%), progressive disease (23.6%), or were deemed unevaluable (12.7%). These results demonstrate that dilpacimab monotherapy has an acceptable safety profile, with clinical activity observed in patients with advanced solid tumors.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Gordon, MS; Nemunaitis, J; Barve, M; Wainberg, ZA; Hamilton, EP; Ramanathan, RK; Sledge, GW; Yue, H; Morgan-Lappe, SE; Blaney, M; Kasichayanula, S; Motwani, M; Wang, L; Naumovski, L; Strickler, JH

Published Date

  • October 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 20 / 10

Start / End Page

  • 1988 - 1995

PubMed ID

  • 34315767

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1538-8514

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-20-0985

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States