Diabetes is associated with a lower minimum moment of inertia among older women: An analysis of 3D reconstructions of clinical CT scans.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Hip fractures are a significant burden on the aging population, often resulting in reduced mobility, loss of independence, and elevated risk of mortality. While fracture risk is generally inversely related to bone mineral density (BMD), people with diabetes suffer a higher fracture rate despite having a higher BMD. To better understand the connection between diabetes and fracture risk, we developed a method to measure the minimum moment of inertia (mMOI; a geometric factor associated with fracture risk) from clinical CT scans of the pelvis. Since hip fractures are more prevalent in women, we focused on females in this study. We hypothesized that females with diabetes would have a lower mMOI along the femoral neck than those without diabetes, indicative of a higher fracture risk. Three-dimensional models of each hip were created from clinical CT scans of 40 older women (27 with diabetes: 10 fracture/17 non-fractured; 13 without diabetes: non-fractured controls). The mMOI of each hip (n = 80) was reported as the average from three trials. People with diabetes had an 18% lower mMOI as compared to those without diabetes after adjusting for age and BMI (p = 0.02). No differences in the mMOIs between the fractured and contralateral hips in the diabetic group were observed (p = 0.78). Similarly, no differences were observed between the fractured and non-fractured hips of people with diabetes (p = 0.29) when accounting for age and BMI. This suggests structural differences in the hips of individuals with diabetes (measured by the mMOI) may be associated with their elevated fracture risk.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Heckelman, LN; Wesorick, BR; DeFrate, LE; Lee, RH

Published Date

  • November 9, 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 128 /

Start / End Page

  • 110707 -

PubMed ID

  • 34488049

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC9985487

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1873-2380

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2021.110707


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States