Technical note: A fast and accurate analytical dose calculation algorithm for 125 I seed-loaded stent applications.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

PURPOSE: The safety and clinical efficacy of 125 I seed-loaded stent for the treatment of portal vein tumor thrombosis (PVTT) have been shown. Accurate and fast dose calculation of the 125 I seeds with the presence of the stent is necessary for the plan optimization and evaluation. However, the dosimetric characteristics of the seed-loaded stents remain unclear and there is no fast dose calculation technique available. This paper aims to explore a fast and accurate analytical dose calculation method based on Monte Carlo (MC) dose calculation, which takes into account the effect of stent and tissue inhomogeneity. METHODS: A detailed model of the seed-loaded stent was developed using 3D modeling software and subsequently used in MC simulations to calculate the dose distribution around the stent. The dose perturbation caused by the presence of the stent was analyzed, and dose perturbation kernels (DPKs) were derived and stored for future use. Then, the dose calculation method from AAPM TG-43 was adapted by integrating the DPK and appropriate inhomogeneity correction factors (ICF) to calculate dose distributions analytically. To validate the proposed method, several comparisons were performed with other methods in water phantom and voxelized CT phantoms for three patients. RESULTS: The stent has a considerable dosimetric effect reducing the dose up to 47.2% for single-seed stent and 11.9%-16.1% for 16-seed stent. In a water phantom, dose distributions from MC simulations and TG-43-DP-ICF showed a good agreement with the relative error less than 3.3%. In voxelized CT phantoms, taking MC results as the reference, the relative errors of TG-43 method can be up to 33%, while those of TG-43-DP-ICF method were less than 5%. For a dose matrix with 256 × 256 × 46 grid (corresponding to a phantom of 17.2 × 17.2 × 11.5 cm3 ) for 16-seed-loaded stent, it only takes 17 s for TG-43-DP-ICF to compute, compared to 25 h for the full MC calculation. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of DPK and inhomogeneity corrections is an effective approach to handle both the presence of stent and tissue heterogeneity. Exhibiting good agreement with MC calculation and computational efficiency, the proposed TG-43-DP-ICF method is adequate for dose evaluation and optimization in seed-loaded stent implantation treatment planning.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Liu, B; Xiong, T; Lu, J; Li, S; Bai, X; Zhou, F; Wu, Q

Published Date

  • November 2021

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 48 / 11

Start / End Page

  • 7493 - 7503

PubMed ID

  • 34482556

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2473-4209

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/mp.15207


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States