Outer Membrane Vesicles Displaying a Heterologous PcrV-HitA Fusion Antigen Promote Protection against Pulmonary Pseudomonas aeruginosa Infection.
Along with surging threats and antibiotic resistance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in health care settings, it is imperative to develop effective vaccines against P. aeruginosa infection. In this study, we used an Asd (aspartate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase)-based balanced-lethal host-vector system of a recombinant Yersinia pseudotuberculosis mutant to produce self-adjuvanting outer membrane vesicles (OMVs). The OMVs were used as a carrier to deliver the heterologous PcrV-HitAT (PH) fusion antigen of P. aeruginosa for vaccine evaluation. Intramuscular vaccination with OMVs carrying the PH antigen (referred to rOMV-PH) afforded 73% protection against intranasal challenge with 5 × 106 (25 50% lethal doses) of the cytotoxic PA103 strain and complete protection against a noncytotoxic PAO1 strain. In contrast, vaccination with the PH-deficient OMVs or PH antigen alone failed to offer effective protection against the same challenge. Immune analysis showed that the rOMV-PH vaccination induced potent humoral and Th1/Th17 responses compared to the PH vaccination. The rOMV-PH vaccination rapidly cleared P. aeruginosa burdens with coordinated production of proinflammatory cytokines in mice. Moreover, antigen-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and their producing cytokines (tumor necrosis factor alpha and interleukin-17A), rather than antibodies, were essential for protection against pneumonic P. aeruginosa infection. Our studies demonstrated that the recombinant Y. pseudotuberculosis OMVs delivering heterologous P. aeruginosa antigens could be a new promising vaccine candidate for preventing the spread of drug-resistant P. aeruginosa. IMPORTANCE Hospital- and community-acquired infections with Pseudomonas aeruginosa cause a high rate of morbidity and mortality in patients who have underlying medical conditions. The spread of multidrug-resistant P. aeruginosa strains is becoming a great challenge for treatment using antibiotics. Thus, a vaccine as one of the alternative strategies is urgently required to prevent P. aeruginosa infection.
Li, P; Wang, X; Sun, X; Guan, Z; Sun, W
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