Palliative Care Always: Hepatology-Virtual Primary Palliative Care Training for Hepatologists.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Palliative care (PC) benefits patients with serious illness including end-stage liver disease (ESLD). As part of a cluster randomized trial, hepatologists were trained to deliver primary palliative care to patients with ESLD using an online course, Palliative Care Always: Hepatology (PCA:Hep). Here we present a multimethod formative evaluation (feasibility, knowledge acquisition, self-efficacy, and practice patterns) of PCA:Hep. Feasibility was measured by completion of coursework and achieving a course grade of >80%. Knowledge acquisition was measured through assessments before and throughout the course. Pre/post-course surveys were conducted to determine self-efficacy and practice patterns. The hepatologists (n = 39) enrolled in a 12-week online course and spent 1-3 hours on the course weekly. The course was determined to be feasible as 97% successfully completed the course and 100% passed. The course was acceptable to participants; 91.7 % reported a positive course experience and satisfaction with knowledge gained (91.6%). The pre/post knowledge assessment showed an improvement of 6.0% (pre 85.9% to post 91.9%, 95% CI [2.8, 9.2], P = 0.001). Self-efficacy increased significantly (P < 0.001) in psychological symptom management, hospice, and psychosocial support. A year after training, over 80% of the hepatologists reported integrating a variety of PC skills into routine patient care. Conclusion: PCA:Hep is feasible, acceptable, and improves learner knowledge and confidence in palliative care skills. This is a viable method to teach primary PC skills to specialists caring for patients with ESLD.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • DeNofrio, JC; Verma, M; Kosinski, AS; Navarro, V; Taddei, TH; Volk, ML; Bakitas, M; Ramchandran, K

Published Date

  • April 2022

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 6 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 920 - 930

PubMed ID

  • 34719137

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC8948550

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2471-254X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/hep4.1849


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States