Safety and efficacy of the anti-CD73 monoclonal antibody (mAb) oleclumab ± durvalumab in patients (pts) with advanced colorectal cancer (CRC), pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), or EGFR-mutant non-small cell lung cancer (EGFRm NSCLC).
9047 Background: Upregulation of CD73 in multiple cancers increases adenosine production, leading to local immunosuppression. Oleclumab, a human IgG1λ mAb, inhibits CD73 function and may increase antitumor immunity. Initial data from a Phase I, first-in-human, dose-escalation and expansion study showed that oleclumab ± durvalumab had manageable safety and encouraging clinical activity in pts with advanced CRC or PDAC. We report updated safety and activity in these cohorts and the first results in an expansion cohort of pts with advanced EGFRm NSCLC. Methods: Previously treated pts with histologically or cytologically confirmed microsatellite stable CRC, PDAC, or EGFRm NSCLC received oleclumab 5–40 mg/kg (escalation) and 40 mg/kg (expansion) IV Q2W, alone (escalation only) or with durvalumab 10 mg/kg IV Q2W. The primary objective was safety; secondary efficacy objectives included objective response (OR) per RECIST v1.1 and duration of response (DoR). Results: 66 pts were enrolled in the escalation phase (35 CRC, 31 PDAC) and 126 in the expansion phase (42 CRC, 42 PDAC, 42 EGFRm NSCLC). At data cutoff (DCO; June 9, 2020), the median number of oleclumab doses was 4 in pts on monotherapy (range 1–26) and 4 in pts on combination therapy across both phases (range 1–76). In the escalation phase, there were no DLTs in pts on monotherapy or combination therapy; treatment-related adverse events (TRAEs) occurred in 54.8% of pts on monotherapy (Grade 3–4 in 7.1%) and 54.2% of pts on combination therapy (Grade 3–4 in 20.8%); fatigue was the most common TRAE with both regimens. No TRAEs resulted in death. In previous interim analyses before this DCO, no ORs were reported in the escalation phase. In the expansion phase, 5 pts were treated for ≥12 mos; 6 pts were ongoing at DCO. TRAEs occurred in 54.0% (Grade 3–5 in 15.1%); the most common TRAEs were fatigue (15.1%), diarrhea (9.5%), and rash (7.1%). One pt had a TRAE resulting in death (systemic inflammatory response syndrome). ORs were seen in 1 CRC pt (DoR 35.9+ mos [+ = ongoing response]), 2 PDAC pts (DoR 22.1+ and 28.6+ mos), and 4 EGFRm NSCLC pts (DoR range 5.6 to 15.7+ mos, median not reached; only 1 of the 4 pts had ≥25% programmed cell death ligand-1 [PD-L1]+ tumor cells). Nine CRC pts, 8 PDAC pts, and 9 EGFRm NSCLC pts had SD. Of 6 pts with matched biopsies who received combination therapy, 5 had increases in CD8+ T cells, PD-L1, and granzyme B. Baseline tumor CD73 expression and association with clinical response will be presented. Conclusions: Oleclumab ± durvalumab had a tolerable safety profile and combination therapy showed promising antitumor activity in EGFRm NSCLC. ORs and SD were durable, even in tumor types that are generally immunotherapy-resistant. Clinical trial information: NCT02503774.
Bendell, JC; LoRusso, P; Overman, MJ; Noonan, AM; Kim, D-W; Strickler, J; Kim, S-W; Clarke, SJ; George, TJ; Grimison, PS; Barve, MA; Amin, MA; Desai, J; Wise-Draper, T; Cooper, Z; Elgeioushi, N; Mueller, NK; Kumar, R; Wu, KY; Patel, SP
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