Reduction of Autophagic Accumulation in Pompe Disease Mouse Model Following Gene Therapy.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Background

Pompe disease is a fatal neuromuscular disorder caused by a deficiency in acid α-glucosidase, an enzyme responsible for glycogen degradation in the lysosome. Currently, the only approved treatment for Pompe disease is enzyme replacement therapy (ERT), which increases patient survival, but does not fully correct the skeletal muscle pathology. Skeletal muscle pathology is not corrected with ERT because low cation-independent mannose-6-phosphate receptor abundance and autophagic accumulation inhibits the enzyme from reaching the lysosome. Thus, a therapy that more efficiently targets skeletal muscle pathology, such as adeno-associated virus (AAV), is needed for Pompe disease.

Objective

The goal of this project was to deliver a rAAV9-coGAA vector driven by a tissue restrictive promoter will efficiently transduce skeletal muscle and correct autophagic accumulation.

Methods

Thus, rAAV9-coGAA was intravenously delivered at three doses to 12-week old Gaa-/- mice. 1 month after injection, skeletal muscles were biochemically and histologically analyzed for autophagy-related markers.

Results

At the highest dose, GAA enzyme activity and vacuolization scores achieved therapeutic levels. In addition, resolution of autophagosome (AP) accumulation was seen by immunofluorescence and western blot analysis of autophagy-related proteins. Finally, mice treated at birth demonstrated persistence of GAA expression and resolution of lysosomes and APs compared to those treated at 3 months.

Conclusion

In conclusion, a single systemic injection of rAAV9-coGAA ameliorates vacuolar accumulation and prevents autophagic dysregulation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • McCall, AL; Stankov, SG; Cowen, G; Cloutier, D; Zhang, Z; Yang, L; Clement, N; Falk, DJ; Byrne, BJ

Published Date

  • January 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 19 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 197 - 207

PubMed ID

  • 31223086

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1875-5631

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1566-5232

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.2174/1566523219666190621113807

Language

  • eng