Backbone and sidechain 1H, 15N and 13C resonance assignments of the free and RNA-bound tandem zinc finger domain of the tristetraprolin family member from Selaginella moellendorffii.
Members of the tristetraprolin (TTP) family of RNA binding proteins (RBPs) regulate the metabolism of a variety of mRNA targets. In mammals, these proteins modulate many physiological processes, including immune cell activation, hematopoiesis, and embryonic development. Regulation of mRNA stability by these proteins requires that the tandem zinc finger (TZF) domain binds initially and directly to target mRNAs, ultimately leading to their deadenylation and decay. Proteins of this type throughout eukarya possess a highly conserved TZF domain, suggesting that they are all capable of high-affinity RNA binding. However, the mechanism of TTP-mediated mRNA decay is largely undefined. Given the vital role that these TTP family proteins play in maintaining RNA homeostasis throughout eukaryotes, we focused here on the first, key step in this process: recognition and binding of the TZF domain to target RNA. For these studies, we chose a primitive plant, the spikemoss Selaginella moellendorffii, which last shared a common ancestor with humans more than a billion years ago. Here we report the near complete backbone and side chain resonance assignments of the spikemoss TZF domain, including: (1) the assignment of the RNA-TZF domain complex, representing one of only two data sets currently available for the entire TTP family of proteins; and (2) the first NMR resonance assignments of the entire TZF domain, in the RNA-free form. This work will serve as the basis for further NMR structural investigations aimed at gaining insights into the process of RNA recognition and the mechanisms of TTP-mediated mRNA decay.
Hicks, SN; Venters, RA; Blackshear, PJ
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