Evaluating Outcomes and Misuse in Opioid-Dependent Chronic Pancreatitis Using a State-Mandated Monitoring System.
INTRODUCTION: Patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP) often require opioids for pain control. The goal of our study was to characterize opioid use in patients with CP in a real-life practice using a state-mandated online monitoring program and to assess outcomes compared to CP patients without opioid dependency. METHODS: CP patients seen in our Pancreas Center from 2016 to 2021 were divided into two groups-with and without chronic opioid use. Details of opioids and other controlled prescriptions were obtained by review of the Massachusetts Prescription Awareness Tool (MassPat). RESULTS: Of the 442 CP outpatients, 216 used chronic opioids. Patients with opioid use had significantly more recurrent acute pancreatitis (76.6% vs. 52.7%), concurrent alcohol use (11.2% vs. 5.8%), tobacco use (37.8% vs. 19.7%), anxiety (22.4% vs. 16.6%), depression (43.5% vs. 23.5%) and daily pain (59.8% vs. 24.8%) (p < 0.001). They also concurrently used more benzodiazepines (43.7% vs. 12.4%), gabapentinoids (66.4% vs. 31.1%) and medical marijuana (14.9% vs. 4.19%) (p < 0.001). They had more celiac plexus blocks (22.0% vs. 6.67%), surgery (18.3% vs. 8.89%) and more hospitalizations for CP flares (3.6 vs. 1.0 visits) (p < 0.001). Less than 13% patients received opioids by means of ED visits; 81.7% patients received their prescriptions from one facility and 75% received them at regular intervals. CONCLUSION: Opioid-dependent CP patients exhibit polypharmacy and have worse outcomes with higher resource utilization. The state-monitoring program ensures that the majority of patients receive opioids from a single facility, thereby minimizing misuse.
Shah, I; Bocchino, R; Yakah, W; Ahmed, A; Freedman, SD; Kothari, DJ; Sheth, SG
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