Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome: an update and review of the literature.

Journal Article (Journal Article;Review)

Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) is characterized by immune dysregulation due to a defect in lymphocyte apoptosis. The clinical manifestations may be noted in multiple family members and include lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, increased risk of lymphoma, and autoimmune disease, which typically involves hematopoietic cell lines manifesting as multilineage cytopenias. Since the disease was first characterized in the early 1990s, there have been many advances in the diagnosis and management of this syndrome. The inherited genetic defect of many ALPS patients has involved (FAS) pathway signaling proteins, but there remain those patients who carry undefined genetic defects. Despite ALPS having historically been considered a primary immune defect presenting in early childhood, adult onset presentation is increasingly becoming recognized and more so in genetically undefined patients and those with somatic FAS mutations. Thus, future research may identify novel pathways and/or regulatory proteins important in lymphocyte activation and apoptosis.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Shah, S; Wu, E; Rao, VK; Tarrant, TK

Published Date

  • September 2014

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 14 / 9

Start / End Page

  • 462 -

PubMed ID

  • 25086580

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC4148697

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1534-6315

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s11882-014-0462-4

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States